Traumatic carotid cavernous fistula: anatomical variations and their treatment by detachable balloons

Australas Radiol. 1998 Feb;42(1):1-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1673.1998.tb00553.x.


Endovascular balloon occlusion has become a standard mode of therapy in carotid cavernous fistulas. Many angioarchitectural variations are, however, encountered in individual cases, some of which influence the therapeutic mode and outcome. We report on three patients with carotid cavernous fistulas treated by endovascular techniques.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / diagnostic imaging
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / etiology
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / therapy*
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / etiology
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / therapy*
  • Carotid Artery Injuries*
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / diagnostic imaging
  • Catheterization*
  • Cavernous Sinus / diagnostic imaging
  • Cavernous Sinus / injuries*
  • Embolization, Therapeutic
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiography