Hospital infection prevention and control: a model for improving the quality of hospital care in low- and middle-income countries

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1998 Feb;19(2):125-35. doi: 10.1086/647780.


Continuous quality improvement (CQI) is a powerful methodology for improving clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction while reducing inefficiency and costs. However, most hospitals in low- and middle-income countries have little experience with CQI methods. Hospital infection prevention is an ideal model for nascent efforts to improve the quality of hospital care because of its proven efficacy in reducing the occurrence of infections that compromise patient outcomes and increase costs. This article describes the design and implementation of a demonstration project to reduce the incidence of surgical-site infections (SSIs) for hospitals with little experience with quality-improvement methods. The project has a high likelihood of producing measurable reductions in SSI rates and hospital costs related to inefficient use of perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis. Moreover, participating staff will gain experience that can be applied to efforts to improve the quality of other aspects of hospital care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Developing Countries*
  • Health Services Research / organization & administration
  • Hospital Administration / standards*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infection Control / organization & administration*
  • Models, Organizational*
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Poverty
  • Research Design
  • Surgical Wound Infection / prevention & control*
  • Total Quality Management / organization & administration*