Naturally occurring genetic variation affects Drosophila photoreceptor determination

Dev Genes Evol. 1998 Jan;207(7):462-70. doi: 10.1007/s004270050137.

Abstract

The signal transduction pathway controlling determination of the identity of the R7 photoreceptor in the Drosophila eye is shown to harbor high levels of naturally occurring genetic variation. The number of ectopic R7 cells induced by the dosage-sensitive SevS11.1 transgene that encodes a mildly activated form of the Sevenless tyrosine kinase receptor is highly sensitive to the wild-type genetic background. Phenotypes range from complete suppression to massive overproduction of photoreceptors that exceeds reported effects of known single gene modifiers, and are to some extent sex-dependent. Signaling from the dominant gain-of-function Drosophila Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (DER-Ellipse) mutations is also sensitive to the genetic backgrounds, but there is no correlation with the effects on SevS11.1. This implies that different genes and/or alleles modify the two activated receptor genotypes. The evolutionary significance of the existence of high levels of genetic variation in the absence of normal phenotypic variation is discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Drosophila / cytology
  • Drosophila / genetics*
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • ErbB Receptors / genetics
  • ErbB Receptors / physiology
  • Eye Proteins / genetics
  • Eye Proteins / physiology
  • Female
  • Genetic Variation / physiology*
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / physiology
  • Phenotype
  • Photoreceptor Cells, Invertebrate / cytology*
  • Photoreceptor Cells, Invertebrate / ultrastructure
  • Protein Kinases*
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / physiology
  • Receptors, Invertebrate Peptide / genetics
  • Receptors, Invertebrate Peptide / physiology
  • Signal Transduction / genetics

Substances

  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Eye Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Receptors, Invertebrate Peptide
  • Protein Kinases
  • Egfr protein, Drosophila
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • sev protein, Drosophila