Detection of the asialoglycoprotein receptor on cell lines of extrahepatic origin

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Mar 6;244(1):304-11. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1998.8256.


The asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) is the first lectin discovered in mammals. Despite its significant biological role in binding and internalization of desialyated glycoproteins, at least in the human, little information is available regarding its tissue distribution outside of the liver. In the present study, antibodies were raised against the H1 major subunit of the human ASGPR using synthetic peptide antigens, and their binding specificity confirmed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Cell surface analysis by fluorescence activated flow cytometry on various human tissue cell lines confirmed the liver parenchymal cells as the major expression site of ASGPR. Nonetheless, ASGPR was also detectable on some extrahepatic cells such as the Jurkat T-cell line. The determination of extrahepatic expression of ASGPR will have consequences in analyzing the biological role of this receptor complex as well as having implications in designing ASGPR mediated drug- or gene-delivery strategies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amnion / cytology
  • Animals
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Asialoglycoprotein Receptor
  • Asialoglycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
  • Cell Line
  • Flow Cytometry
  • HL-60 Cells
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Immune Sera / biosynthesis
  • Jurkat Cells
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / analysis*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / biosynthesis
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / immunology
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Asialoglycoprotein Receptor
  • Asialoglycoproteins
  • Immune Sera
  • Receptors, Cell Surface