Myocardial ischemia elicits translocation of the insulin-sensitive glucose transporter GLUT-4 from intracellular membrane stores to the sarcolemma. Because glucose metabolism is of crucial importance for post-ischemic recovery of the heart, myocardial uptake of [3H]-labeled 2-deoxyglucose and subcellular localization of GLUT-4 were determined during reperfusion in isolated rat hearts perfused with medium containing 0.4 mm palmitate and 8 mm glucose. Hearts were subjected to 20 min of no-flow ischemia, followed by reperfusion for up to 60 min. Subcellular localization of GLUT-4 was determined by cell fractionation followed by immunoblotting. After 15 and 60 min of reperfusion uptake of 2-deoxyglucose was significantly higher (91+/-9 and 96+/-8 nmol/min/g wet weight, respectively) as compared to control values (65+/-1 nmol/min/g wet weight). Ischemia elicited translocation of GLUT-4 to the sarcolemma, which persisted after 15 min of reperfusion. However, after 60 min of reperfusion the subcellular distribution of GLUT-4 was similar to control hearts. In conclusion, reversal of ischemia-induced translocation of GLUT-4 to the sarcolemma is rather slow, possibly facilitating glucose uptake early during reperfusion. However, myocardial uptake and phosphorylation of 2-deoxyglucose remains enhanced late during reperfusion, when pre-ischemic distribution of GLUT-4 is almost completely restored, indicating that additional mechanisms are likely to be involved in post-ischemic stimulation of glucose uptake.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press Limited.