Studies of the biogenic amine transporters. VII. Characterization of a novel cocaine binding site identified with [125I]RTI-55 in membranes prepared from human, monkey and guinea pig caudate

Synapse. 1998 Apr;28(4):322-38. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2396(199804)28:4<322::AID-SYN8>3.0.CO;2-B.

Abstract

[125I]RTI-55 is a cocaine analog with high affinity for dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) transporters. Quantitative ligand binding studies revealed a novel high affinity [125I]RTI-55 binding site assayed under 5-HT transporter (SERT) conditions which has low affinity for almost all classic biogenic amine transporter ligands, including high affinity 5-HT transporter inhibitors such as paroxetine, but which retains high affinity for cocaine analogs. This site, termed SERT(site2) for its detection under 5-HT transporter conditions (not for an association with the SERT) occurs in monkey caudate, human caudate, and guinea pig caudate membranes, but not in rat caudate membranes. SERT(site2) is distinguished from the DA transporter (DAT) and SERT by several criteria, including a distinct ligand-selectivity profile, the inability to detect SERT(site2) in cells stably expressing the cloned human DAT, and insensitivity to irreversible ligands which inhibit [125I]RTI-55 binding to the DAT and SERT. Perhaps the most striking finding about SERT(site2) is that a wide range of representative antidepressant agents have very low affinity for SERT(site2). The affinity of cocaine for this site is not very different from the concentration cocaine achieves in the brain at pharmacological doses. Viewed collectively with the observation that ligands with high affinity for SERT(site2) are mostly cocaine analogs, these data lead us to speculate that actions of cocaine which differ from those of classic biogenic amine uptake inhibitors may be mediated in part via SERT(site2).

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Caudate Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Cocaine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Cocaine / metabolism*
  • Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors / metabolism*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Ligands
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Membrane Transport Proteins*
  • Membranes / metabolism
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins*
  • Rats
  • Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins

Substances

  • Carrier Proteins
  • Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Ligands
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • SLC6A3 protein, human
  • SLC6A4 protein, human
  • Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Slc6a3 protein, rat
  • Slc6a4 protein, rat
  • 2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropane
  • Cocaine