Effect of terbinafine on theophylline pharmacokinetics in healthy volunteers

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 Mar;42(3):695-7. doi: 10.1128/AAC.42.3.695.

Abstract

Twelve healthy volunteers were enrolled in an open-label, randomized, crossover study. Subjects received single doses of theophylline (5 mg/kg) with and without multiple-dose terbinafine, and 11 blood samples were collected over 24 h. The study phases were separated by a 4-week washout period. Theophylline serum data were modeled via noncompartmental analysis. When the control phase (i.e., no terbinafine) was compared to the treatment phase (terbinafine), theophylline exposure (the area under the serum concentration-time curve from time zero to infinity) increased by 16% (P = 0.03), oral clearance decreased by 14% (P = 0.04), and half-life increased by 24% (P = 0.002). No significant changes in other theophylline pharmacokinetic parameters were evident.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Drug Interactions
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Naphthalenes / pharmacology*
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors / administration & dosage
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors / blood
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors / pharmacokinetics*
  • Terbinafine
  • Theophylline / administration & dosage
  • Theophylline / blood
  • Theophylline / pharmacokinetics*

Substances

  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Naphthalenes
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
  • Theophylline
  • Terbinafine