Treatment of an esophagorespiratory fistula by insertion of an esophageal Montgomery and tracheal dynamic stent after failure of conventional endoprosthesis

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. Jan-Feb 1998;60(1):51-4. doi: 10.1159/000027563.


Esophagorespiratory fistulae at the adult age can develop through malignant tumor growth, endoscopy, bougienage, laser therapy, or through a radiochemotherapy. We report a female patient with inoperable bronchial cancer, who developed a symptomatic esophagorespiratory fistula during radiochemotherapy with cisplatin. At first, conventional plastic tubes and then novel selfexpanding silicone-coated Gianturco-Song stents were used in an unsuccessful attempt to close the fistula. After the extraction of two Gianturco-Song stents, the insertion of a Montgomery-Salivary bypass stent in the esophagus and a dynamic stent in the trachea resulted in a permanent occlusion of the fistula. This case demonstrates that Montgomery-Salivary bypass stents do not tend to migrate due to their characteristic shape and self-fixation, and that the novel self-expanding, silicone coated Gianturco-Song stents can be extracted with rigid endoscopy if necessary.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Esophagus / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Prosthesis Failure*
  • Prosthesis Implantation*
  • Radiography
  • Stents*
  • Time Factors
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula / surgery*