Recently, the state of cyclooxygenase (COX) mRNA expression has been reported in an acetic acid-induced chronic gastric ulcer model of mice. However, the time course of COX expression during the developmental stage and the subsequent repair process of acute gastric injury is not well understood at present. In this study, we quantitatively investigated the time course of the level of COX-2 and -1 mRNA expression from the developmental stage through the healing stage in ischemia-reperfusion (I-R)-induced acute gastric damage. COX-2 mRNA was expressed at low or undetectable levels in the normal gastric tissues of control rats. The COX-2 expression between 6 and 48 h following I-R was higher than that of the control gastric tissues; the histological findings were erosion during 1-36 h and transitional appearance from erosion to ulcer at 48 h. The maximum expression of COX-2 mRNA was recorded at 24 h (approximately 200-fold elevation). The COX-2 message was very low or undetectable at 72 h (ulcer stage) and at 96 and 120 h (healing stage of ulcer) after I-R. The level of COX-1 mRNA remained stable through all stages of acute gastric damage. These results are potentially useful for understanding the role of COX and evaluating the effects of drugs on expression of COX at various stages of acute gastric injury.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press.