Migraine imposes substantial burdens both on individual headache sufferers and on society. Prevalence studies reveal that the condition affects about 18% of women and about 6% of men. Prevalence is highest between the ages of 25 and 55, during the peak productive years. Despite the development of new and effective treatment options, migraine remains an underdiagnosed and undertreated condition. In this article, we review the incidence, prevalence, and distribution of migraine and the conditions which are comorbid with migraine.