Degradation of myocardiac myosin and creatine kinase in rats given alkaline ionized water

J Vet Med Sci. 1998 Feb;60(2):245-50. doi: 10.1292/jvms.60.245.


Recently, the authors have shown that marked necrosis and fibrosis of myocardium were observed in rats given alkaline ionized water (AKW). To clarify the cause of myocardial lesions, the activities of myosin ATPase, actomyosin ATPase and creatine kinase (CK) in myocardium of rats given AKW at 15 weeks-old were compared with those in myocardium of rats given tap water (TPW). Furthermore, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of myocardiac myosin and isoelectric focusing (IEF) of myocardiac CK were performed which revealed a distinct difference between AKW and TPW groups. The activities of myosin ATPase and actomyosin ATPase in the AKW group were higher than those in the TPW group, and these elevated activities were caused by the degradation of myosin in the AKW group judging from the SDS-PAGE pattern of myosin. On the other hand, the activity of CK in the AKW group was lower than that in the TPW group, and the IEF pattern of CK showed leakage of myocardiac CK. These results indicate that increases in actomyosin ATPase activity and myosin ATPase activity, plus the decrease in CK activity caused the disorder of coupled reaction in male rats given AKW at 15 weeks-old. It is concluded that this disorder of coupled reaction may cause marked myocardiac necrosis and fibrosis in rats given AKW.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Creatine Kinase / isolation & purification
  • Creatine Kinase / metabolism*
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Electrolytes / administration & dosage
  • Electrolytes / toxicity*
  • Female
  • Heart / drug effects
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Isoenzymes
  • Male
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Myocardium / pathology
  • Myosins / metabolism*
  • Necrosis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Water Supply*


  • Electrolytes
  • Isoenzymes
  • Creatine Kinase
  • Myosins