Alcohol or drug use and compliance with safer sex guidelines for STD/HIV infection. Results from the French National Survey on Sexual Behavior (ACSF) among heterosexuals. Analyse des Comportements Sexuels en France

Sex Transm Dis. 1998 Mar;25(3):119-24. doi: 10.1097/00007435-199803000-00001.


Background: Available literature shows that association of alcohol and/or drug use with unsafe sexual practices is not established, in contradistinction to the well-established association between such substance use and the sexual milieu itself.

Goal: To analyze these two kinds of associations in a population-based sample of heterosexuals in France.

Study design: Cross-sectional telephone survey of the French adult heterosexual population in the early 1990s (n = 4213).

Results: Subjects at risk were more likely than those not at risk to have consumed alcohol before sex; this was not the case for drug use. However, at-risk subjects who engaged in unsafe practice(s) were not more likely to have consumed alcohol or drugs.

Conclusion: Alcohol consumption appears to be a marker for being in an at-risk situation in France and may be used as such by public health providers. In contrast, the association between alcohol/drug use and unsafe sexual practices is not supported by our study and thus conflicts with prevention strategies to increase compliance with safer sex through alcohol/drug abstinence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk
  • Sexual Behavior*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*