Cartilage-derived morphogenetic proteins and osteogenic protein-1 differentially regulate osteogenesis

J Bone Miner Res. 1998 Mar;13(3):383-92. doi: 10.1359/jbmr.1998.13.3.383.


Cartilage-derived morphogenetic proteins-1 and -2 (CDMP-1 and CDMP-2) are members of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family, which play important roles in embryonic skeletal development. We studied the biological activities of recombinant CDMP-1 and CDMP-2 in chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation and investigated their binding properties to type I and type II serine/threonine kinase receptors. In vivo, CDMP-1 and CDMP-2 were capable of inducing dose-dependently de novo cartilage and bone formation in an ectopic implantation assay. In vitro studies using primary chondrocyte cultures showed that both CDMP-1 and CDMP-2 stimulated equally de novo synthesis of proteoglycan aggrecan in a concentration-dependent manner. This activity was equipotent when compared with osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1). In contrast, CDMPs were less stimulatory than OP-1 in osteogenic differentiation as evaluated by alkaline phosphatase activity and expression levels of bone markers in ATDC5, ROB-C26, and MC3T3-E1 cells. CDMP-2 was the least osteogenic in these assays. Receptor binding studies of CDMP-1 and CDMP-2 revealed that both have affinity for the BMP receptor type IB (BMPR-IB) and BMPR-II, and weakly for BMPR-IA. Moreover, using a promoter/reporter construct, transcriptional activation signal was transduced by BMPR-IB in the presence of BMPR-II upon CDMP-1 and CDMP-2 binding. Our data show that distinct members of the BMP family differentially regulate the progression in the osteogenic lineage, and this may be due to their selective affinity for specific receptor complexes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aggrecans
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Bone Development / drug effects
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Cartilage / physiology*
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins*
  • Growth Differentiation Factor 5
  • Growth Substances / biosynthesis
  • Growth Substances / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Lectins, C-Type
  • Mice
  • Osteogenesis / drug effects*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Proteoglycans / biosynthesis
  • RNA / genetics
  • RNA / isolation & purification
  • Receptors, Growth Factor / metabolism
  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta*
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology


  • Acan protein, mouse
  • Aggrecans
  • BMP7 protein, human
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Growth Differentiation Factor 5
  • Growth Substances
  • Lectins, C-Type
  • Proteoglycans
  • Receptors, Growth Factor
  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • cartilage-derived-morphogenetic protein-2
  • RNA
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • BMPR1B protein, human
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I
  • Alkaline Phosphatase