Little is known about the frequency of adverse events in the year following stent placement in patients treated with aspirin and ticlopidine, without warfarin. We analyzed the first such 234 consecutive patients treated at our hospital between October 1994 and December 1995. Their mean age was 62+/-12 years; 40% had had a prior myocardial infarction, 22% had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery, and 65% had multivessel disease. The indication for stent placement was dissection or abrupt closure in 24% of patients and suboptimal balloon angioplasty results in 14%; placement was elective in 62% of patients. Three hundred forty-five coronary segments were treated in the 234 patients; 305 stents (1.3 stents/patient) were placed. Palmaz-Schatz coronary stents (75%), Gianturco-Roubin stents (21%), and Johnson & Johnson biliary stents (4%) were used. Mean nominal stent size was 3.4+/-0.4 mm. High-pressure inflations (> or = 14 atm, mean 17+/-2) were performed in all patients. The mean residual stenosis was 3+/-5% by visual estimate. Intravascular ultrasound was utilized to facilitate stent placement in 53% of patients. Mean follow-up was 1.6+/-0.5 years. There were no deaths, Q-wave myocardial infarctions, coronary artery bypass operations, or repeat angioplasty procedures required during the remainder of the hospitalization or in 30 days after stent placement; stent thrombosis did not occur. Kaplan-Meier analysis of adverse events in the 6 months following the procedure revealed a mortality rate of 0.9%; the rate of myocardial infarction (Q-wave or non-Q-wave) was 1.3%. Bypass surgery was performed in 0.9% and angioplasty for in-stent restenosis was performed in 9.5% of patients. Any 1 of these events occurred in 11.7% of patients in the 6 months after the procedure. The corresponding event rates at 1 year were 1.3%, 2.2%, 3.5%, and 12.2%, respectively; any 1 of these events occurred in 16.5% of patients. In patients receiving intracoronary stents of varying designs followed by high-pressure postdeployment inflations in whom an excellent visual angiographic result is achieved, antithrombotic therapy with aspirin and ticlopidine is associated with a very low frequency of adverse cardiovascular events in the 12 months following the procedure regardless of the indication for stent placement.