Visual impairment in Swedish children. III. Diagnoses

Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 1997 Dec;75(6):681-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0420.1997.tb00630.x.


Purpose: To gain an overview of the spectrum of diagnoses among Swedish visually impaired children.

Methods: An epidemiological study of all known visually impaired children was made by review of medical records.

Results and conclusion: In all we found 2373 children, 0-19 years of age, with an age-specific prevalence of 10.9/10,000. The two largest diagnostic groups included neuro-ophthalmological and retinal diseases. The most frequent disorders were cerebral visual impairment, non-hereditary optic atrophy, retinal dystrophy (when regarded as a general entity), congenital hypoplasia of the optic nerve and congenital cataract. Nystagmus secondary to brain disorder, albinism, congenital nystagmus, retinopathy of prematurity and high myopia were also found in a considerable number of patients. The leading diagnoses in children with WHO-defined childhood blindness were non-hereditary optic atrophy, cerebral visual impairment and retinopathy of prematurity. A large proportion of the children, especially in the groups with neuro-ophthalmological disorders and malformations of the posterior segment had additional impairments, emphasizing the importance of a multi-disciplinary approach when assessing multi-handicapped children.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Eye Diseases / complications
  • Eye Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Registries
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Vision Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Vision Disorders / etiology
  • Visual Acuity
  • Visually Impaired Persons / statistics & numerical data*