Mode of vascularization of control and basic fibroblast growth factor-stimulated prefabricated skin flaps

Plast Reconstr Surg. 1998 Apr;101(5):1296-304; discussion 1305-6.


This study, using 62 rabbits, examines the rate and pattern of vascular outgrowth from a subcutaneously implanted vascular pedicle, how the newly formed vessels connect to preexisting skin vessels, and whether local application of basic fibroblast growth factor can accelerate the angiogenic process. When the femoral artery and vein of rabbits are implanted beneath the skin, angiogenesis from both the pedicle and small blood vessels within the adjacent skin begins within 3 days. Perfusion with India ink reveals connections between the pedicle and dermal vessels as early as 5 days after implantation of the pedicle. Provided the pedicle does not thrombose, skin flaps based on it may survive completely when elevated as early as 2 weeks after implantation. Flap survival depends on the development of a small number of vascular connections between vessels arising from the pedicle and preexisting dermal vessels. If elevation is delayed until 4 weeks after implantation a flap may survive even if its pedicle has thrombosed. Prolonged release of basic fibroblast growth factor adjacent to the pedicle significantly increases the survival of flaps elevated 1 week after implantation but does not alter the survival of flaps elevated at 2 and 4 weeks.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbon*
  • Coloring Agents
  • Dermatologic Surgical Procedures
  • Female
  • Femoral Artery / physiology
  • Femoral Vein / physiology
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / administration & dosage
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / therapeutic use*
  • Graft Survival
  • Male
  • Microcirculation
  • Microspheres
  • Muscle, Skeletal / blood supply
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / transplantation*
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic / drug effects
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic / physiology*
  • Rabbits
  • Regional Blood Flow / physiology
  • Skin / blood supply
  • Skin Transplantation / pathology*
  • Skin Transplantation / physiology
  • Surgical Flaps / blood supply*
  • Surgical Flaps / physiology
  • Thrombosis / etiology
  • Thrombosis / physiopathology
  • Time Factors
  • Vascular Patency


  • Coloring Agents
  • chinese ink
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
  • Carbon