Exposure to captan in fruit growing

Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1998 Mar;59(3):158-65. doi: 10.1080/15428119891010415.


This study characterized occupational exposure to pesticides in fruit growing in The Netherlands to assess determinants of exposure. Large-scale exposure surveys were carried out during application of pesticides and during reentry activities. Data on contamination inside the fruit growers' homes were obtained, and total potential exposure for the fruit grower and his family during the growing and harvesting season was estimated. Repeated measurements on the same subject were collected to study components of exposure variability. Relative contribution of the respiratory route and different skin sites to total exposure were assessed. Captan was used as a marker for exposure. Inhalable dust exposure was measured with a personal monitor and potential dermal exposure with skin pads and hand rinsing. Dislodgeable foliar residue was measured by taking leaf punches. For respiratory exposure and potential dermal exposure, differences were observed between several tasks. Workers were categorized according to tasks performed depending on the exposure measure(s) (e.g., hands, forehead, inhalable dust) considered relevant for a specific study purpose. In general, within-worker variability of all exposure measurements was larger than between-worker variability. Variability in dermal exposure on the same body location was small relative to variability between different body locations. Differences in total exposure, including exposure inside the home, between the fruit grower and the son were small. Exposure of the wife was two to three times lower than for the fruit grower and the son. As exposure per unit of time was in the same order of magnitude for different tasks, individual time spent on these tasks is crucial for estimating total potential exposure. Repeated measurements are necessary to estimate individual exposure accurately because of the large within-worker variability.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Agriculture*
  • Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Captan / analysis*
  • Dust / analysis
  • Family Health
  • Female
  • Fruit
  • Fungicides, Industrial / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Inhalation Exposure
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Occupational Exposure / analysis*
  • Occupational Exposure / prevention & control
  • Protective Clothing
  • Seasons
  • Skin


  • Air Pollutants, Occupational
  • Dust
  • Fungicides, Industrial
  • Captan