The prechordal midline of the chondrocranium is defective in Goosecoid-1 mouse mutants

Mech Dev. 1998 Mar;72(1-2):15-25. doi: 10.1016/s0925-4773(97)00204-9.


Gsc-1 expression marks cells with Spemann organizer, or axis-inducing, activity in the vertebrate gastrula. Gsc-1 knockouts, however, did not display phenotypes related to the early phase of expression. In this paper, additional phenotypes for the Gsc-1 mouse mutant are presented. Examination of the base of the cranium in the dorsal view revealed fusions and deletions in the midline of the prechordal chondrocranium. These defects were correlated with the sites of expression of Gsc-1 in the prechordal plate/foregut endoderm in the day 7.5/8.5 embryo. Gsc-1 expression in proximal limb buds was correlated with malformations of the shoulder and hip articulations. In addition, ribs in the seventh cervical vertebra were observed with low penetrance. The role of Gsc-1 during gastrulation and axial development is discussed in relation to possible compensatory interactions with other genes such as HNF-3beta and the recently identified Gsc-2 and Gsc-3 genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development / genetics
  • Fetal Proteins / genetics
  • Fetal Proteins / physiology
  • Genotype
  • Goosecoid Protein
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics*
  • Homeodomain Proteins / physiology
  • Mesoderm / physiology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phenotype
  • Repressor Proteins*
  • Skull / abnormalities*
  • Skull / embryology
  • T-Box Domain Proteins*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / physiology


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fetal Proteins
  • Goosecoid Protein
  • Gsc protein, mouse
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • T-Box Domain Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Brachyury protein