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Case Reports
, 245 (1), 38-42

A Novel Disorder of N-glycosylation Due to Phosphomannose Isomerase Deficiency

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Case Reports

A Novel Disorder of N-glycosylation Due to Phosphomannose Isomerase Deficiency

T J de Koning et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun.

Abstract

Three siblings suffered from an unusual disorder of cyclic vomiting and congenital hepatic fibrosis. Serum transferrin isoelectric focusing showed increased asialo- and disialotransferrin isoforms as seen in the carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein (CDG) syndrome type I. Phosphomannomutase, which is deficient in most patients with type I CDG syndrome, was found to be normal in all three patients. Structural analysis of serum transferrin revealed nonglycosylated, hypoglycosylated, and normoglycosylated transferrin molecules. These findings suggested a defect in the early glycosylation pathway. Phosphomannose isomerase was found to be deficient and the defect was present in leucocytes, fibroblasts, and liver tissue. Phosphomannose isomerase deficiency appears to be a novel glycosylation disorder, which is biochemically indistinguishable from CDG syndrome type I. However, the clinical presentation is entirely different.

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