Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor activates the apoptosis signaling pathway by increasing caspase-3 activity in sarcoma 180 cells

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Apr 7;245(1):211-5. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1998.8397.

Abstract

Hepatocyte growth factor, which is now known to be the same protein as scatter factor, induced oligonucleosomal fragmentation of nuclear DNA of Sarcoma 180 cells and increased the activity of caspase-3, a key component in control of the apoptotic cell death pathway to about 2.6 times that in control cells on 48 hr incubation, but did not increase the activity of caspase-1. Both HGF-induced DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 activity were completely inhibited by co-incubation with an inhibitor of caspase-3, Ac-DEVD-H. In contrast, HGF did not affect the expression of the apoptosis suppressors Bcl-2 and Bcl-x. These results indicate that HGF activates the apoptosis signaling pathway by increasing caspase-3 activity in Sarcoma 180 cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / physiology*
  • Caspase 1
  • Caspase 3
  • Caspases*
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases / metabolism*
  • DNA Fragmentation / drug effects
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor / pharmacology*
  • Mice
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism
  • Oligopeptides / pharmacology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / analysis
  • Sarcoma / enzymology*
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects*
  • Suppression, Genetic / genetics
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • bcl-X Protein

Substances

  • Bcl2l1 protein, mouse
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Oligopeptides
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • acetyl-aspartyl-glutamyl-valyl-aspartal
  • bcl-X Protein
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor
  • Casp3 protein, mouse
  • Caspase 3
  • Caspases
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases
  • Caspase 1