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, 273 (15), 9078-84

The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Modulates the Interaction of E-cadherin With the Actin Cytoskeleton


The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Modulates the Interaction of E-cadherin With the Actin Cytoskeleton

R B Hazan et al. J Biol Chem.


Alterations in the expression or function of molecules that affect cellular adhesion and proliferation are thought to be critical events for tumor progression. Loss of expression of the cell adhesion molecule E-cadherin and increased expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor are two prominent molecular events that are associated with tumorigenesis. The regulation of E-cadherin-dependent cell adhesion by epidermal growth factor (EGF) was therefore examined in the human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-468. In this study, changes were observed in the subcellular distribution of components that mediate the cytoplasmic connection between E-cadherin and the actin-based cytoskeleton in response to activation of the EGF receptor. Serum withdrawal activated E-cadherin-dependent cell-cell aggregation in MDA-MB-468 cells, and this treatment stimulated the interaction of actin, alpha-actinin, and vinculin with E-cadherin complexes, despite the absence of alpha-catenin in these cells. By contrast, the co-precipitation of actin with E-cadherin was not detected in several alpha-catenin positive epithelial cell lines. Treatment with EGF inhibited cellular aggregation but did not affect either the levels of E-cadherin or catenin expression nor the association of catenins (beta-catenin, plakoglobin/gamma-catenin, or p120(cas)) with E-cadherin. However, EGF treatment of the MDA-MB-468 cell line dissociated actin, alpha-actinin, and vinculin from the E-cadherin-catenin complex, and this coincided with a robust phosphorylation of beta-catenin, plakoglobin/gamma-catenin, and p120(cas) on tyrosine residues. Furthermore, inactivation of the EGF receptor in serum-treated MDA-MB-468 cells with either a function-blocking antibody or EGF receptor kinase inhibitors mimicked the effects of serum starvation by stimulating both cellular aggregation and assembly of E-cadherin complexes with vinculin and actin. These results demonstrate that the EGF receptor directly regulates cell-cell adhesion through modulation of the interaction of E-cadherin with the actin cytoskeleton and thus substantiates the coordinate role of both of these molecules in tumor progression and metastasis.

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