Hypertension-induced congestive heart failure

Scand Cardiovasc J Suppl. 1998;47:5-7. doi: 10.1080/140174398427974.


Arterial hypertension used to be the most common cause of congestive left ventricular failure. With the availability and common use of antihypertensive treatment the incidence and prevalence of hypertension-induced left ventricular failure has gradually declined. Today congestive heart failure due to underlying coronary heart disease is by far more common than the hypertension-induced variety. The effect of treatment of left ventricular failure in recent years, in particular with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and carvedilol, has been impressive.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Adult
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Carbazoles / therapeutic use
  • Carvedilol
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Failure / drug therapy
  • Heart Failure / epidemiology
  • Heart Failure / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Hypertension / drug therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Propanolamines / therapeutic use
  • Survival Rate


  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Carbazoles
  • Propanolamines
  • Carvedilol