Background: Treatment options for malignant gastric outlet obstruction are limited. Surgical gastrojejunostomy, commonly performed, has significant morbidity and mortality.
Methods: Over 2 years, we prospectively studied the safety, feasibility, and outcomes for use of a newly designed expandable metal stent (Wallstent Enteral; Schneider, Minneapolis, Minn.) to treat malignant gastric outlet obstruction. Stents 16 to 22 mm in diameter and 60 to 90 mm in length were deployed directly through the endoscope.
Results: Twelve patients (ten women, two men; mean age 59.7 years) underwent stenting. Thereafter, six patients were able to eat a regular diet; three could eat pureed food. In three patients, the procedure was unsuccessful because of multiple obstructions not recognized before stenting (one) and stents deployed too proximally (one) or too distally (one).
Conclusions: Placement of a newly designed stent through the endoscope is safe and effective palliation for various types of malignant gastric outlet obstruction and significantly improves many aspects of patient quality of life.