Pathophysiologic bases for adjunctive therapies in the treatment and secondary prevention of acute myocardial infarction

Clin Cardiol. 1998 Mar;21(3):161-8. doi: 10.1002/clc.4960210305.


Postmyocardial infarction (MI) survival has been steadily improving. This improvement has been due, in part, to the actions of the adjunctive medical therapies for the treatment of MI. Aspirin, beta blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and lipid-lowering agents have been shown to improve survival in the treatment and secondary prevention of MI. Nitrates have beneficial effects as well. These medications complement the reperfusion strategies through different mechanisms. Other adjunctive medical therapies, namely magnesium, antiarrhythmic agents, and calcium-channel blockers, have not been shown to improve mortality with routine post-MI use despite their theoretical benefits.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents / therapeutic use
  • Anticoagulants / therapeutic use
  • Aspirin / therapeutic use
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / therapeutic use
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Hypolipidemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Magnesium / therapeutic use
  • Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy*
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology
  • Myocardial Infarction / prevention & control
  • Vasodilator Agents / therapeutic use


  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
  • Anticoagulants
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
  • Hypolipidemic Agents
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Magnesium
  • Aspirin