Biological and clinical MRS at ultra-high field

NMR Biomed. 1997 Dec;10(8):360-71. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1492(199712)10:8<360::aid-nbm477>;2-8.


The advantages of performing spectroscopic studies at higher field strengths include increased SNR, improved spectral resolution for J-coupled resonances, and improvements in the selectivity of spectral editing schemes. By using pulse sequences that minimize the required echo time, refocus J-evolution, employ low peak B1 requiring pulses and take advantage of spectroscopic imaging methods, these advantages can also be utilized in clinical applications of spectroscopy at high field. In addition to the static measurements measurements of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), creatine (CR) and choline (CH) which can be performed at 1.5 T, high resolution measurements of glutamate, glutamine, GABA and the incorporation of 13C labeled glucose into glutamate are possible with improved spatial and spectral resolution. These methods have been utilized in patients with seizure disorders and multiple sclerosis to identify, characterize and map the metabolic changes associated with these diseases and their treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / anatomy & histology
  • Electromagnetic Fields
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods*
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted