The Family Environment Scale: reliability and normative data for an adolescent sample

Fam Process. 1997 Dec;36(4):369-73. doi: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.1997.00369.x.


The Family Environment Scale has been used extensively in family research since first being published. However, despite its appeal both conceptually and empirically, doubts have been raised over the scale's reliability. This article presents normative and reliability data for the Family Environment Scale from a large, combined sample of adolescents. Means and standard deviations were generally found to be in line with those reported in the scale's manual; however, estimates of internal consistency for most subscales could be considered inadequate for research purposes.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale / standards*
  • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale / statistics & numerical data
  • Child
  • Family*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sampling Studies
  • Social Environment