Permutational Distribution of the Log-Rank Statistic Under Random Censorship With Applications to Carcinogenicity Assays

Biometrics. 1998 Mar;54(1):168-84.

Abstract

In the random censorship model, the log-rank test is often used for comparing a control group with different dose groups. If the number of tumors is small, so-called exact methods are often applied for computing critical values from a permutational distribution. Two of these exact methods are discussed and shown to be incorrect. The correct permutational distribution is derived and studied with respect to its behavior under unequal censoring in the light of recent results proving that the permutational version and the unconditional version of the log-rank test are asymptotically equivalent even under unequal censoring. The log-rank test is studied by simulations of a realistic scenario from a bioassay with small numbers of tumors.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biometry / methods*
  • Carcinogenicity Tests / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / chemically induced
  • Probability
  • Rats