The phosphatase system in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Genes Genet Syst. 1997 Dec;72(6):323-34. doi: 10.1266/ggs.72.323.


The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has at least six species of acid and alkaline phosphatases with different cellular localizations, as well as inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporters. Most of the genes encoding these enzymes are coordinately repressed and derepressed depending on the Pi concentration in the growth medium. The Pi signals are conveyed to these genes through a regulatory circuit consisting of a set of positive and negative regulatory proteins. This phosphatase system is interested as one of the best systems for studying gene regulation in S. cerevisiae due to the simplicity of phenotype determination in genetic analysis. With this methodological advantage, considerable amounts of genetic and molecular evidence in phosphatase regulation have been accumulated in the past twenty-five years. This article summarizes the current progress of research into this subject.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites / genetics
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Genes, Regulator
  • Homeodomain Proteins*
  • Ion Transport
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphates / metabolism
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / genetics*
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Trans-Activators / genetics
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors*


  • DNA, Fungal
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • PHO2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • PHO4 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Phosphates
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases