Recurrent group B streptococcal disease in infants: Who should receive rifampin?

J Pediatr. 1998 Mar;132(3 Pt 1):537-9. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(98)70037-x.


A preterm breast-fed infant had three episodes of type Ia/c group B streptococcus septicemia. After the second episode rifampin was given to the infant, but further Ia/c exposure to maternal breast milk ensued. We propose rifampin treatment for both the mother and infant in cases of recurrent group B streptococcus disease.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Breast Feeding
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Leprostatic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Milk, Human / microbiology*
  • Recurrence
  • Rifampin / therapeutic use*
  • Streptococcal Infections / drug therapy*
  • Streptococcus agalactiae / isolation & purification*


  • Leprostatic Agents
  • Rifampin