Current issues relating to psychosocial job strain and cardiovascular disease research

J Occup Health Psychol. 1996 Jan;1(1):9-26. doi: 10.1037//1076-8998.1.1.9.


The authors comment on recent reviews of cardiovascular job strain research by P. L. Schnall and P. A. Landsbergis (1994), and by T. S. Kristensen (1995), which conclude that job strain as defined by the demand-control model (the combination of contributions of low job decision latitudes and high psychological job demands) is confirmed as a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in a large majority of studies. Lack of social support at work appears to further increase risk. Several still-unresolved research questions are examined in light of recent studies: (a) methodological issues related to use of occupational aggregate estimations and occupational career aggregate assessments, use of standard scales for job analysis and recall bias issues in self-reporting; (b) confounding factors and differential strengths of association by subgroups in job strain-cardiovascular disease analyses with respect to social class, gender, and working hours; and (c) review of results of monitoring job strain-blood pressure associations and associated methodological issues.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Coagulation Factors / physiology
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Job Description
  • Occupational Health*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Class
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological*
  • Workload


  • Blood Coagulation Factors