Dialectic between conceptual and causal inquiry in psychosocial work-environment research

J Occup Health Psychol. 1996 Oct;1(4):362-74. doi: 10.1037//1076-8998.1.4.362.


In this article, the authors discuss the ongoing tension between etiologically oriented research--particularly that focused on the demand-control model--and the need to conceptually expand the work stress field to include gender and class-specific exposure contexts. Epidemiological research on the effects of low levels of work control is critically reviewed, and new methods of long-term psychosocial work-exposure assessment are presented. The process of conceptually expanding the demand-control model is discussed with respect to including other important variables, such as work-related social support, and specifying the nature of the gendered work process that involves developing new concepts and measures of the invisible and emotional labor often performed by women.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Epidemiologic Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological
  • Occupational Health*
  • Research Design
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Class
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological*
  • Workload