Stereoselective Inhibition by the Diastereomers Quinidine and Quinine of Uptake of Cardiac Glycosides Into Isolated Rat Hepatocytes

J Pharm Sci. 1998 Apr;87(4):457-61. doi: 10.1021/js970334v.


The pharmacokinetic interaction between quinidine and digoxin in patients is well-known, in general requiring a dose reduction of digoxin in patients concomitantly treated with quinidine. Quinine, the diastereomer of quinidine, has not been as extensively studied in this respect. In addition to an interaction with the renal clearance of digoxin by quinidine, both diastereomers have been reported to inhibit the biliary clearance of digoxin in man. To further investigate the mechanisms of these hepatobiliary transport interactions at the cellular level, we compared the effects of quinidine and quinine, as well as of the calcium antagonist verapamil, on the uptake of digoxin and ouabain in isolated rat hepatocytes. Initial uptake rates of digoxin and ouabain were determined in the presence of various concentrations of quinine and quinidine. A concentration dependent inhibition of the cellular uptake of both cardiac glycosides by quinine and quinidine was found, quinine being a more potent inhibitor than quinidine. Our results indicate a stereoselective inhibition of the hepatocellular uptake by the two diastereomers quinidine and quinine, the latter being about equipotent to verapamil. This unequal inhibitory potency of the two basic drugs was detected earlier in oocyte studies with the cloned organic cation transporter OCT1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
  • Cardiotonic Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Digoxin / pharmacokinetics*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Ouabain / pharmacokinetics*
  • Quinidine / pharmacology*
  • Quinine / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Verapamil / pharmacology


  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Ouabain
  • Digoxin
  • Quinine
  • Verapamil
  • Quinidine