A genome-wide screen for susceptibility loci in ankylosing spondylitis

Arthritis Rheum. 1998 Apr;41(4):588-95. doi: 10.1002/1529-0131(199804)41:4<588::AID-ART5>3.0.CO;2-0.


Objective: To localize the regions containing genes that determine susceptibility to ankylosing spondylitis (AS).

Methods: One hundred five white British families with 121 affected sibling pairs with AS were recruited, largely from the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases AS database. A genome-wide linkage screen was undertaken using 254 highly polymorphic microsatellite markers from the Medical Research Council (UK) (MRC) set. The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region was studied more intensively using 5 microsatellites lying within the HLA class III region and HLA-DRB1 typing. The Analyze package was used for 2-point analysis, and GeneHunter for multipoint analysis.

Results: When only the MRC set was considered, 11 markers in 7 regions achieved a P value of < or =0.01. The maximum logarithm of odds score obtained was 3.8 (P = 1.4 x 10(-5)) using marker D6S273, which lies in the HLA class III region. A further marker used in mapping of the MHC class III region achieved a LOD score of 8.1 (P = 1 x 10(-9)). Nine of 118 affected sibling pairs (7.6%) did not share parental haplotypes identical by descent across the MHC, suggesting that only 31% of the susceptibility to AS is coded by genes linked to the MHC. The maximum non-MHC LOD score obtained was 2.6 (P = 0.0003) for marker D16S422.

Conclusion: The results of this study confirm the strong linkage of the MHC with AS, and provide suggestive evidence regarding the presence and location of non-MHC genes influencing susceptibility to the disease.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4 / genetics
  • Family Health
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Genetic Markers / genetics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genetic Testing*
  • Genome, Human
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / genetics
  • Lod Score
  • Major Histocompatibility Complex / genetics
  • Male
  • Psoriasis / genetics
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / genetics*


  • Genetic Markers