Objective: To determine the safety of joint or soft tissue aspirations and injections in patients taking warfarin sodium.
Methods: The outcome of 32 joint or soft tissue aspirations or injections in patients receiving stable doses of warfarin sodium was assessed through a standardized interview 4 weeks after the procedure. The primary outcome measure was significant joint or soft tissue hemorrhage, ascertained by patient-reported increases in swelling or warmth at the procedure site.
Results: None of 32 procedures was complicated by joint or soft tissue hemorrhage reported by the patients, yielding, by the "rule of threes," a risk of significant hemorrhage of < 10% (with 95% certainty). Diagnostic information was obtained for 53% of aspirated sites (8 of 15) and therapeutic benefit was noted in 74% of corticosteroid-injected sites (17 of 23).
Conclusion: Joint or soft tissue injections and aspirations in selected patients taking warfarin sodium are associated with a low risk of hemorrhage and are often of diagnostic or therapeutic value.