Aim: The neonatal resuscitation program (NRPG) was first introduced in our hospital to replace the traditional resuscitation (TR) program in 1993. TR has been in existence in China for a long time. The implementation of NRPG was timely in reducing the number of infant mortality and also to disseminate to the many hospitals in China which are still practising TR.
Method: A perspective study of 4,751 newborns with 366 asphyxiated babies in a period of 2 years was carried out. A previous sample of 1,722 live births under the TR program was compared as a controlled group statistically.
Results: From August 1993 to August 1995, when NRPG was exclusively implemented in our hospital, only 16 newborns died within 7 days, out of 4,751 births (3.4%) with 2 deaths in the delivery room. Seventeen newborns died within 7 days out of 1,722 births (9.9+) in the TR group, with 10 deaths in the delivery room. From the data shown, it can be clearly seen that perinatal neonatal mortality rate was reduced almost 3 times after NRPG was implemented (chi(2) = 10.54, p < 0.01). The follow-up results of 21 cases of severe asphyxia at 2 months--1 year of age were normal except for one with cerebral palsy.
Conclusions: Our study showed that NRPG was indeed a very effective and feasible technique during the delivery process in the reduction of neonatal mortality. It is important to disseminate widely the knowledge and technique of NRPG in places where TR is still being widely practiced especially in developing countries.