Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
. 1998 Mar;25(3):149-55.
doi: 10.2165/00007256-199825030-00002.

Proprioception of the Ankle and Knee

Affiliations
Review

Proprioception of the Ankle and Knee

S M Lephart et al. Sports Med. .

Abstract

Proprioception and accompanying neuromuscular feedback mechanisms provide an important component for the establishment and maintenance of functional joint stability. Neuromuscular control and joint stabilisation is mediated primarily by the central nervous system. Multisite sensory input, originating from the somatosensory, visual and vestibular systems, is received and processed by the brain and spinal cord. The culmination of gathered and processed information results in conscious awareness of joint position and motion, unconscious joint stabilisation through protective spinal-mediated reflexes and the maintenance of posture and balance. Clinical research aimed at determining the effects of articular musculoskeletal injury, surgery and rehabilitation, on joint proprioception, neuromuscular control and balance has focused on the knee and ankle joints. Such studies have demonstrated alterations in proprioception subsequent to capsulo-ligamentous injury, partial restoration of proprioceptive acuity following ligamentous reconstruction, and have suggested beneficial proprioceptive changes resulting from comprehensive rehabilitation programmes.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 45 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. Brain Res. 1976 Dec 24;118(3):482-5 - PubMed
    1. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1991 Sep;73(5):833-7 - PubMed
    1. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1994 Jan;19(1):2-11 - PubMed
    1. Orthop Clin North Am. 1995 Jul;26(3):579-92 - PubMed
    1. J Neurophysiol. 1982 Jan;47(1):41-54 - PubMed

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback