The actions of neuromedin B (NMB), a recently discovered mammalian bombesin-related peptide, are mediated by interacting with a distinct receptor; however, little is known about its cellular basis of action. Recent studies show activation of phospholipase D (PLD) is an important transduction cascade for a number of GI hormones, especially for stimulation of growth and protein sorting. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether activation of the NMB receptor causes activation of PLD and to explore whether this activation was coupled to PLC activation. Rat C6 glioblastoma cells (C6 cells), which contain a low density of native NMB receptors and BALB 3T3 cells stably transfected with rat NMB receptors, were used. NMB caused a 3-fold increase in C6 cells and an 11-fold increase in rNMB-R transfected cells in PLD activity. Increases in PLD activity were rapid and NMB was 100-fold more potent than gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP). NMB caused a half-maximal increase in [Ca2+]i at 0.2 nM, in [3H]IP and PLD at 1 nM, and half-maximal receptor occupation at 1.2 nM. TPA increased PLD dose-dependently with a half-maximal effect at 60 nM. The calcium ionophore A23187 (1 microM) alone did not increase PLD activity but potentiated the effect of TPA. The Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, thapsigargin, did not affect NMB- or TPA-stimulated PLD activities, although it blocked completely the NMB-induced increase in [Ca2+]i. The PKC inhibitor GF109203X completely abolished TPA-induced PLD activity, however, it only inhibited NMB-induced PLD activity by 20%. The combination of thapsigargin and GF109203X had the same effect as GF109203X alone. These data indicate that NMB receptor activation is coupled to both PLC and PLD. In contrast to a number of other phospholipase C-coupled receptors, NMB receptor stimulated changes in [Ca2+]i do not contribute to PLD activation. Both PKC-dependent and PKC-independent mechanisms are involved in the NMB-stimulated PLD activation with the PKC-independent pathway predominating.
Copyright 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.