Epidemiological aspects of tuberculosis in the Padua Health District 1985-1996

Eur J Epidemiol. 1998 Feb;14(2):125-8. doi: 10.1023/a:1007458330542.


The present study was carried out in order to monitor the epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis disease in the Padua Health District over the period 1985-1996 with a view to the situation in some population subgroups. The average annual rate per 100,000 persons per year was 7.9 with a peak in 1994 (15.6 per 100,000 persons). The most significant variations are not per annum but between the periods 1985-1990 and 1991-1996 (average rates per 100,000 persons: 4.8 and 10.9, respectively). The trend shows an increasing frequency in all age groups and especially among the elderly. Immigration from endemic areas and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection appear to contribute to the increase the number of notified cases among adults. In the last four years an increase of tuberculosis cases was also observed among subjects with professional exposure risk. Improvements of programs both at national and regional level are believed to be essential to the tuberculosis control.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disease Notification
  • Emigration and Immigration / statistics & numerical data
  • Endemic Diseases / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Risk Factors
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / epidemiology*
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / prevention & control