Injury mortality and morbidity among children in the United Arab Emirates

Eur J Epidemiol. 1998 Feb;14(2):175-8. doi: 10.1023/a:1007444109260.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify the major causes of accident mortality and morbidity among children (0-14 years) in Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates (UAE). A retrospective descriptive study was set in the Al-Ain Hospital and Preventive Medicine Department, Ministry of Health, Al-Ain. Subjects were all patients aged 0-14 years who were seen at Al-Ain Hospital for injury during the 12-month period January to December 1995, and all recorded deaths aged 0-14 years in Preventive Medicine Department from 1980 to 1995.

Results: Mortality: 301 children (69.4% males, 30.6% females) died after accidents from 1980 to 1995. UAE citizens and other Arabs represented the majority of deaths. Most mortality (28.6%) occurred in the 1-4 year age group. Head and neck injury was the major type of injury causing death (57.5%). The most common cause of accidental death was road traffic accidents (boys 67.1%, girls 60.4%), followed by drowning and burns (8%). Morbidity: Pediatric trauma cases seen during 1995 totaled 17,498, representing one third of all patients attending the Hospital Emergency Room. About 70% of encountered injuries occurred among boys; 44.6% of cases were UAE citizens. The most common trauma type was contusion (40.2% boys; 40.6% girls), the most common type of trauma in boys and girls (30.4% and 36%, respectively). In the age group <5 years, the most common causes of trauma were fall (41.1%), blunt trauma (38.7%) and burns or scalds (64%), while in 5-9 year olds, the most common cause was road traffic accidents (40%). Finally, in 10-14 year olds, the most frequent causes were traffic accidents (32.8%) sharp objects injuries (38.3%), and fights and sporting (28.9%).

Conclusion: More boys than girls presented with injury and the majority were nationals. Road traffic accidents mainly occurred in children over 10 years.

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data
  • Accidents / mortality*
  • Accidents / statistics & numerical data
  • Accidents, Traffic / mortality
  • Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data
  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Burns / epidemiology
  • Burns / mortality
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Contusions / epidemiology
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / epidemiology
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / mortality
  • Drowning / epidemiology
  • Drowning / mortality
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Neck Injuries / epidemiology
  • Neck Injuries / mortality
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Factors
  • United Arab Emirates / epidemiology
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / mortality*
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / epidemiology
  • Wounds, Penetrating / epidemiology