Velo-cardio-facial syndrome, DiGeorge syndrome, conotruncal anomaly face syndrome, tetralogy of Fallot, and pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect are all associated with hemizygosity of 22q11. While the prevalence of the deletions in these phenotypes has been studied, the frequency of deletions in patients presenting with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is unknown. We performed fluorescence in situ hybridization for locus D22S75 within the 22q11 region on 23 patients with VPI (age range 5-42 years) followed in the Craniofacial Clinic at the University of Florida. The VPI occurred either as a condition of unknown cause (n=16) or as a condition remaining following primary cleft palate surgery (n=7). Six of sixteen patients with VPI of unknown cause and one of seven with VPI following surgery had a deletion in the region. This study documents a high frequency of 22q11 deletions in those presenting with VPI unrelated to overt cleft palate surgery and suggests that deletion testing should be considered in patients with VPI.