Background & aims: Autoantibodies against tropomyosins (TMs) have been reported in ulcerative colitis (UC). In this study the hTM isoforms (hTM1-5) present in intestinal epithelial cells and in smooth muscle were investigated, and the immunoreactivity against hTMs by immunoglobulin G (IgG) produced in vitro by colonic mucosal lymphocytes (LPMCs) from patients with UC, Crohn's disease (CD), and controls was examined.
Methods: TMs were extracted from colonic and jejunal epithelial cells and smooth muscle, and hTM isoforms were identified using isoform-specific monoclonal antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and transblot analysis. The immunoreactivity of IgG produced by colonic LPMCs was analyzed against the recombinant hTM isoforms.
Results: The major hTM isoforms present in colonic and jejunal epithelial cells are hTM5 and hTM4, whereas intestinal smooth muscle contains the hTM1-3 isoforms. The IgG synthesized in vitro by LPMCs from UC (n = 19) recognized hTM5 and hTM1, more significantly (P < 0.04 to <0.001) when compared with CD (n = 12) and controls (n = 17). However, IgG produced by LPMCs from CD did not show such anti-hTM reactivity. Mucosal anti-hTM IgG mainly belonged to the IgG1 subclass.
Conclusions: Intestinal epithelial cells and smooth muscle have distinct hTM isoforms. Patients with UC, and not CD, show mucosal autoantibody response against hTM isoforms, particularly hTM5 and hTM1.