Two new members of human beta-chemokine cDNA were isolated based on structural and functional similarities to human leukotactin-1. One of these clones was identical to the previously isolated human beta-chemokine, CKbeta8, whereas the other is a splicing variant of CKbeta8, therefore named CKbeta8-1. CKbeta8 was short in 51 nucleotides (17 amino acids) compared with CKbeta8-1. The mature proteins of CKbeta8-1 and CKbeta8 consisted of 116 and 99 amino acids with calculated molecular weights of 12,500 and 10,950, respectively. Both CKbeta8-1 and CKbeta8 were potent agonists at CCR1. These chemokines chemoattracted neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes. They also significantly suppressed colony formation by human bone marrow, granulocyte-macrophage, erythroid, and multipotential progenitor cells stimulated by combinations of growth factors. To our knowledge, this is the first example that an alternative splicing produces two active beta-chemokines from a single gene.