Niemann-Pick disease type C

Curr Opin Lipidol. 1998 Apr;9(2):131-5. doi: 10.1097/00041433-199804000-00009.


Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease. Fibroblasts from individuals with Niemann-Pick type C exhibit defective intracellular cholesterol transport. Linkage analysis has led to the recent cloning of the NPC1 gene on human chromosome 18, which is the major disease locus. Analysis of NPC1 reveals homologies with key regulators of cholesterol homeostasis and a Drosophila morphogen receptor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carrier Proteins*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins*
  • Niemann-Pick C1 Protein
  • Niemann-Pick Diseases / genetics*
  • Phenotype
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / physiology


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • NPC1 protein, human
  • Niemann-Pick C1 Protein
  • Proteins