We have previously described the isolation and characterization of an intact multiprotein complex for DNA replication, designated the DNA synthesome, from human breast cancer cells and biopsied human breast tumor tissue. The purified DNA synthesome was observed to fully support DNA replication in vitro. We had also proposed a model for the breast cell DNA synthesome, in which DNA polymerases alpha, delta, and epsilon, DNA primase, and replication factor C (RF-C) represent members of the core component, or tightly associated, proteins of the complex. This model was based on the observed fractionation, chromatographic, and sedimentation profiles for these proteins. We report here that poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) and DNA ligase 1 are also members of the breast cell DNA synthesome core component. More importantly, in this report we present the results of coimmunoprecipitation studies that were designed to map the protein-protein interactions between several members of the core component of the DNA synthesome. Consistent with our proposed model for the breast cell DNA synthesome, our data indicate that DNA polymerases alpha and delta, DNA primase, RF-C, as well as proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), tightly associate with each other in the complex, whereas DNA polymerase epsilon, PARP, and several other components were found to interact with the synthesome via a direct contact with only PCNA or DNA polymerase alpha. The association of PARP with the synthesome core suggests that this protein may serve a regulatory function in the complex. Also, the coimmunoprecipitation studies suggest that the three DNA polymerases alpha, delta, and epsilon all participate in the replication of breast cell DNA. To our knowledge this is the first report ever to describe the close physical association of polypeptides constituting the intact human breast cell DNA replication apparatus.