Possible role of anion exchanger AE2 as the intestinal monocarboxylic acid/anion antiporter

Pharm Res. 1998 Mar;15(3):411-6. doi: 10.1023/a:1011920213991.


Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the transport of organic monocarboxylic acids mediated by the anion exchanger AE2, which has been already reported to be present at several tissue cell membranes, including intestinal brush border membrane in rabbit.

Methods: Membrane transport of organic monocarboxylic acids by AE2 was investigated by transient AE2-gene expression in HEK 293 cells and subsequent uptake studies by the cells.

Results: Functional transfection of AE2 was confirmed by the enhanced 36Cl- efflux from the cells. When preloaded with chloride anion. AE2-transfected cells demonstrated a significantly enhanced [14C]benzoic acid transport activity compared with mock-transfected cells. The AE2-mediated uptake was saturable with kinetic parameters of Km = 0.26 +/- 0.08 mM and Vmax = 6.14 +/- 0.52 nmol/mg protein/3 min and the uptake of [14C]benzoic acid was pH-dependent with a maximal uptake at pH 6.5. AE2-mediated [14C]benzoic acid uptake was inhibited by Cl-, HCO3-, and DIDS. AE2-transfected cells demonstrated significantly enhanced transport activity for nicotinic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, and valproic acid as well as benzoic acid compared with mock-transfected cells.

Conclusions: AE2 is functionally involved in the anion antiport for organic monocarboxylic acids as well as inorganic anions and is supposed to play a partial role in the intestinal transport of organic acids.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 4,4'-Diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-Disulfonic Acid / pharmacology
  • Acetic Acid / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Anion Transport Proteins*
  • Antiporters*
  • Benzoates / metabolism
  • Benzoic Acid
  • Cell Line
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Intestinal Absorption / drug effects
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Intestines / drug effects*
  • Ion Transport / drug effects*
  • Ion Transport / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Mice
  • Microvilli / drug effects
  • Microvilli / metabolism
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / pharmacology*
  • SLC4A Proteins
  • Transfection


  • Anion Transport Proteins
  • Antiporters
  • Benzoates
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • SLC4A Proteins
  • Benzoic Acid
  • 4,4'-Diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-Disulfonic Acid
  • Acetic Acid