Objective: To examine the relationship between family communication and HIV risk reduction behaviors among a multisite sample of 125 male youths (ages 12-25) with hemophilia and HIV- infection, as well as their parents.
Methods: Participants completed self-report surveys assessing communication and attitudes regarding HIV risk reduction interventions; adolescents also provided data about their sexual behaviors.
Results: Adolescents with parents who discuss sexual issues were more likely to report HIV status disclosure to sexual partners. Most parents were supportive of HIV risk reduction interventions for their adolescents, but the youths themselves tended to endorse only interventions that offered opportunities for recreational activities and socialization with peers.
Conclusions: Findings are discussed in terms of intervention implications and the need for family systems-based programs.