Distribution of T cells and signs of T-cell activation in the rheumatoid joint: implications for semiquantitative comparative histology

Br J Rheumatol. 1998 Mar;37(3):324-30. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/37.3.324.


A prerequisite for comparative histology of synovial tissue by means of biopsies is insight into the distribution of a marker under study. This investigation focuses on the variation in the presence of T cells and signs of T-cell activation within the rheumatoid joint. For this purpose, multiple slides from several pieces of synovial tissue from different parts of a joint were stained and scored for the expression of CD3, CD25, HLA-DR, Ki67 and interferon-gamma. The variation in scores for the presence of T cells and markers of activation was more pronounced in slides prepared from different pieces of tissue than in slides from one piece of tissue. Based on multiple analysis of variance, methods are suggested to establish a reliable overall score for the expression of a certain marker within a joint. Following validation, such methods may prove to be useful by allowing semiquantitative histology of synovial tissue for studies on arthritis.

MeSH terms

  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / immunology*
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / pathology*
  • Biomarkers
  • Biopsy
  • CD3 Complex / analysis
  • HLA-DR Antigens / analysis
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma / analysis
  • Ki-67 Antigen / analysis
  • Lymphocyte Activation / immunology*
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2 / analysis
  • Synovial Membrane / chemistry
  • Synovial Membrane / immunology
  • Synovial Membrane / pathology
  • T-Lymphocytes / chemistry
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*


  • Biomarkers
  • CD3 Complex
  • HLA-DR Antigens
  • Ki-67 Antigen
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2
  • Interferon-gamma