Physical and mechanical principles of phacoemulsification and their clinical relevance

Indian J Ophthalmol. 1997 Dec;45(4):241-9.


A clear understanding of the physical and mechanical principles that govern phacoemulsification can facilitate usage of this technique for effective and efficient cataract removal in a variety of clinical situations. This article addresses separately, concepts pertaining to the three essential components of phacoemulsification, namely, irrigation, aspiration and emulsification. Machine settings are suggested for the various techniques presently in use. Finally, alternative approaches for lens removal that are currently being investigated are briefly discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Phacoemulsification* / instrumentation
  • Phacoemulsification* / methods
  • Suction / instrumentation
  • Suction / methods
  • Therapeutic Irrigation / instrumentation
  • Therapeutic Irrigation / methods