Background: Several studies have shown that treatment with omeprazole leads to aggravation of Helicobacter pylori gastritis in the corpus. Whether this also applies to lansoprazole, and whether, in comparison with omeprazole, there are differences in therapy-induced gastritis parameter changes remains unclear.
Methods: In 111 patients infected with H. pylori and with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease we investigated the gastritis parameters in antral and corpus mucosa before and after 2, 6 and 12 months of treatment with 15 or 30 mg lansoprazole or 20 mg omeprazole/day.
Results: In all groups the different treatments had a similar effect: in both regions of the stomach, suppression or partial elimination of H. pylori was seen. However, improvement in the inflammation was observed only in the antrum, while in the corpus most gastritis parameters worsened significantly. There was no increase in intestinal metaplasia or atrophy.
Conclusion: In common with omeprazole, lansoprazole aggravates the gastritis parameters in the corpus but improves them in the antrum. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors does not result in any increase in the incidence of atrophy/intestinal metaplasia. However, as gastritis predominating in the corpus seems to be associated with an elevated carcinogenic risk, consideration should be given to prophylactic H. pylori eradication therapy before initiating proton pump inhibitor treatment.