Loss of imprinting and overexpression of IGF2 gene in gastric adenocarcinoma

Cancer Lett. 1997 Nov 25;120(1):9-14. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835(97)00279-6.


Both insulin-like growth factor II (IGF2) and H19 gene are located on chromosome 11p15.5 in close vicinity to each other, and are imprinted on different parental alleles. Although the exact mechanism remains unclear, loss of imprinting (LOI) leading to the biallelic expression of IGF2 and H19 genes has recently been reported in a variety of tumors. To study the role of IGF2 and H19 genes in gastric carcinogenesis, the LOI and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) status of these two genes were determined in 70 patients with gastric cancer. Among them, 30 patients were heterozygous for IGF2, 28 patients were heterozygous for H19, and 42 patients were heterozygous for either IGF2 or H19 gene. Among the 30 patients who were heterozygous for IGF2, one exhibited LOH (1/30, 3.3%) and 10 exhibited LOI (10/29, 34.5%). None of the 28 patients heterozygous for H19 gene had either LOH or LOI. LOI of IGF2 was more frequently found in the diffuse type (8/15, 53.3%) than the intestinal type (2/14, 14.3%, P < 0.05) gastric cancer. Five out of the six tumors with LOI of IGF2 exhibited overexpression of mRNA, but no obvious alterations of expression of H19 were noted by Northern hybridization. These data suggest that LOI leading to overexpression of IGF2 plays an important role in carcinogenesis of diffuse type gastric cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / genetics*
  • Alleles
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Imprinting, Psychological*
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor II / genetics*
  • Male
  • Muscle Proteins / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • RNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • RNA, Untranslated*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / genetics*


  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • H19 long non-coding RNA
  • Muscle Proteins
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • RNA, Untranslated
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor II